India power adapters - what plugs are used in India?

Indian power outlet

Summary

The type of power adapter, converter or charger that's needed when visiting India all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're trying to power in an Indian power outlet. If you don't know which voltage your device uses then please read the section below on how to find out the voltage of your device before going any further.

  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and the plug fits in an Indian power outlet then it should work in India.
  • If your device can run on 230 volts or is dual voltage but the plug won't fit in an Indian power outlet you'll need to bring a suitable plug adapter for India such a Type D plug adapter [2]. A plug adapter for India (or power adapter) is designed to change the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in India, but doesn't change the voltage from 230 volts to a different voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 230 volts and isn't dual voltage then you'll also need a power converter for India to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage for your device. You'll still need to bring along a suitable plug adapter for India if the power converter doesn't use the correct Type D plug adapter.
  • If you simply want to power USB devices such as a tablet or a mobile phone then a USB travel power adapter will be more suited and it should be dual voltage, however ensure that you bring one which includes a Type D plug adapter otherwise you'll still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for India.

Warning: If your device won't handle 230 volts you run the potential risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device. Prior to using your device in India please check the instruction manual to ensure safe operation.

Background

If you are planning a vacation it can be helpful to know if you can charge all your important electronics like cell phones and laptop computers that you'll be bringing along. However, by not knowing which plug socket to expect you may end up either bringing unnecessary adaptors or pack the wrong adaptor, meaning needing to buy a potentially expensive power adaptor when you get there which could be incompatible and damage your device. Various combinations of standards and plug types can often lead to confusion when planning on visiting a different country, especially if you've never visited before. With only a handful of different types of plug sockets being used in the world this guide tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your electronics in India. This page contains links to simple instructions showing exactly how to charge your devices when you're travelling to India by using the D, C or M type Indian 230 volt 50Hz wall outlets, Type D power outlets will be typically used by most Indians. You will find power sockets vary depending on which region you are travelling to therefore we suggest reading the World power adapters page for a full list of countries. We also recommend referring to the India Wikipedia page [1] for more indepth information on the location.

India power adapters

Do I need a plug adapter in India?

It depends on the shape of plug you are attempting to use and the country you are travelling from. If you are visiting from the US bring a plug adapter for India as American plugs won't physically fit in an Indian power outlet, and as the voltage is different you will also need to bring a power converter for India to prevent overheating or damage to your device or appliance if it isn't dual voltage.

What is the best power adapter for India?

The best power adapter for India will be a Type D plug adapter [2] which will allow you to use any 230 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for India?

India power outlets

What type of outlets are in India?

There are three different types of power supply used in India, types D, C and M with the primary power outlets being type D:

  • Plug Type C - The wall supply, technically known as a Europlug or type C socket, is identified by 2 round holes adjacent to each other where the two plug socket pins go.
  • Plug Type D - You can recognise this wall socket by the 3 round holes forming a triangle shape.
  • Plug Type M - This plug socket (technically known as a type M power outlet) can be identified by the three holes forming a triangular shape for live, neutral and ground pins.
What type of outlets are in India?

What voltage is used in India?

The residential voltage used in India is 230 volts.

What is the frequency used with an Indian power outlet?

The frequency from an Indian power outlet is 50Hz.

Are Indian power outlets the same as the US?

American plugs won't fit in an Indian power outlet so you will need to bring a power adapter for India. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage please use a power converter for India and check that it works with a 50hz supply.

Is the voltage in India the same as the US?

The voltage which comes from an Indian power outlet is 230 volts, whereas 120 volts is used in America. If your US appliance or charger can't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for India which allows a 120 volt American appliance to work with a 220-240 volt outlet.

India USB chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for India?

When travelling with more than one device then the best travel adapter for India to buy is a multiple USB charger which includes compatible plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [5]. There are three types of power outlets in India (types D, C and M) and bringing this will ensure that you are covered for type C. Because these types of chargers come with interchangeable pins and handle from 100 volts - 240 volts will mean that you can travel to multiple countries in Asia, North America, Europe and Africa just by switching the heads over. If your device supports Fast Charge (not all USB devices will) then you will benefit from quicker recharging times by using one of these travel adapters plus additional compatibility with certain power demanding devices like tablets.

This will allow you to charge multiple devices simultaneously without needing to bring individual power adapters on your Indian trip or occupying additional wall sockets. By only packing a single international travel charger will help keep the overall size and weight down, making it perfect to fold up and store in hand luggage. Because of their space saving flexibility these types of travel chargers can be used back at home so when you're not travelling they can be used overnight charging multiple tablets, smartphones and e-readers without using up an additional power outlet.

For those travelling regularly we suggest buying an adaptable travel adapter similar to this online. The multipurpose travel charger illustrated is the iKits 4 Port USB Wall Charger [5] which has been tested successfully with multiple USB devices in numerous foreign countries around the world with perfect reliably.

What USB charger do I need for India?

Why use a travel USB charger for India?

  • Most travel USB chargers include 4 or more USB charger ports, this means that you now only need to bring one charger to charge all your devices. Instead of bringing 4 individual power chargers it's now only necessary to pack one 4 port USB wall charger and power up to 4 devices, thereby cutting down on the size and weight of your luggage.
  • Most travel USB chargers will include swappable plug heads for different regions thereby making them perfect if visiting different countries across Asia which will probably use different power outlets to India.
  • A good power charger is rugged, lightweight and compact - ideal for the rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing a domestic charger which could be impossible to repair in India.
  • USB chargers can accept both the 230 volt power outlets in India plus other voltage standards in other countries.
  • It's possible that some accommodation or hotel rooms in India only have one wall outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports allows you to share the single power supply with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge each device one by one.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of visiting any unknown destination as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets found in airport departure lounges are often scant and the demand for charging multiple cell phones and tablets during departure can be high, therefore a USB charger with multiple ports and the ability to fast charge is perect.
  • Some countries power grids are unstable, a quality travel USB charger allows for unexpected fluctuations and will prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Trying to repair an overloaded smartphone or tablet in India could prove problematic and costly.
  • Larger USB chargers should also include a power outlet strip to use multiple low wattage devices such as laptops, howeverthese are unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Read our section on using travel appliances with an Indian power outlet for helpful guidelines on the best power adapter for a high powered devices in an Indian power outlet.
  • Some mobile phones might pull more than the usual 500 mA (milliamps) produced from a normal 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Ensure that the USB power adapter can support fast charging should some of your devices draw extra power.
  • When back at home travel USB chargers can still be useful by recharging multiple mobile phones on a daily basis using one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for India?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world who only have USB devices, but for those also wishing to use their domestic plugs these power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which is crucial for visitors of counties with unreliable power grids. These travel adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both India and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable option for travellers originating from America visiting India.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs and gives almost the same set of features as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it ideal for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting India.

Power converters for India

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter?

A heavy and bulky power converter [7] will transform a 230 volt Indian power outlet to work with a non-230 volt appliance, but a cheaper and smaller power adapter [6] (or plug adapter) changes the shape of the plug on your appliance to fit into a power outlet found in India.

Do I need a power converter for India?

If travelling to India from a different country ensure that the device can be used with a 230v supply.

  • If charging a USB device which originated in a country which uses a lower voltage (for example 110 volts) check your device is dual voltage (indicated by 100-240 volts) else you may need to use an additional International travel voltage converter [9] to prevent the device from over-heating when charging it.
  • For powering larger appliances if you are visiting India from a lower 110 volt location you will need to use a much larger Step Down Voltage Converter [8] to convert the voltage from 110 volts to 230 volts.

See the list of world power outlets page to find out which voltage your country uses.

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Dual voltage hair straighteners

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The way to see if a device is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for a sticker on the supplied power plug, or on the appliance itself, typically on the rear of the unit or near to where the power cord sits. The location might depend on the make or model of your unit, it should also state on the box.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 110V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (20 volts diffence) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a larger range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

Travel appliances which can connect to an Indian power outlet

Clothes iron
clothes iron

Curling iron
curling iron

Hair dryer
hair dryer

Hair straighteners
hair straighteners

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to an Indian power outlet

Beats Pill
Beats Pill

Beats Pill 2
Beats Pill 2

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with an Indian power outlet

Jabra Solemate
Jabra Solemate

Jabra Solemate Mini
Jabra Solemate Mini

Mobile phones that can connect to the Indian power outlet

A mobile phone
mobile phone

Apple iPhones which can be connected to an Indian power outlet

iPhone
iPhone

iPhone 3G
iPhone 3G

iPhone 3GS
iPhone 3GS

iPhone 4
iPhone 4

iPhone 4S
iPhone 4S

iPhone 5
iPhone 5

iPhone 5C
iPhone 5C

iPhone 5S
iPhone 5S

iPhone 6
iPhone 6

iPhone 6 Plus
iPhone 6 Plus

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with an Indian power outlet

Samsung Galaxy S4
Samsung Galaxy S4

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with an Indian power outlet

Kindle Fire 1st generation
Kindle Fire 1st generation

Kindle Fire 2nd generation
Kindle Fire 2nd generation

Kindle Fire HD 3rd generation
Kindle Fire HD 3rd generation

Kindle Fire HD 6 4th generation
Kindle Fire HD 6 4th generation

Kindle Fire HD 7 2nd generation
Kindle Fire HD 7 2nd generation

Kindle Fire HD 7 4th generation
Kindle Fire HD 7 4th generation

Kindle Fire HD 8.9 2nd generation
Kindle Fire HD 8.9 2nd generation

Kindle Fire HD Kids Edition tablet 4th generation
Kindle Fire HD Kids Edition tablet 4th generation

Kindle Fire HDX 3rd generation
Kindle Fire HDX 3rd generation

Kindle Fire HDX 8.9 3rd generation
Kindle Fire HDX 8.9 3rd generation

Kindle Fire HDX 8.9 4th generation
Kindle Fire HDX 8.9 4th generation

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with an Indian power outlet

iPad
iPad

iPad 2
iPad 2

iPad 3
iPad 3

iPad 4
iPad 4

iPad Air
iPad Air

iPad Air 2
iPad Air 2

iPad Mini
iPad Mini

iPad Mini 2
iPad Mini 2

iPad Mini 4
iPad Mini 4

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India - wikipedia.org entry about India.
  2. Type D plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type D power outlets without converting voltage.
  3. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  5. IKits 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  6. https://www.amazon.com/Ceptics-GP-12PK-International-Worldwide-Universal/dp/B01DJEBLQU/ref=as_li_ss_tl?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=CFDDSXZJ59CH648AVQ0H&linkCode=ll1&tag=wikiconnections-20&linkId=b865b6ca5e535d710bf1e1b3a790f622 - power adapter
  7. Power converter - A step up step down power converter transformer converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  8. https://www.amazon.com/mn/search/ref=as_li_ss_tl?_encoding=UTF8&bbn=10967761&camp=1789&creative=390957&fst=as%3Aoff&linkCode=ur2&qid=1451321648&rh=n%3A172282%2Cn%3A!493964%2Cn%3A281407%2Cn%3A173541%2Cn%3A10967761%2Cp_n_feature_keywords_browse-bin%3A2888021011%5Cc2888054011&rnid=2887998011&tag=wikiconnections-20&linkId=A6EA2MIBWUPLQKJD - Step Down Voltage Converter
  9. International travel voltage converter - Travel voltage converters change the voltage of an electrical power supply by stepping up or stepping down the voltage and are often compact units which support both plug sockets and USB charging.