Russia power adapters - what plugs are used in Russia?

Russian power outlet

What adapter do I need for Russia?

You'll need to pack a Type F plug adapter [4] for Russia if the plug you intend to use doesn't fit into a Russian power outlet.

The type of power adapter, converter or charger that's needed when visiting Russia all depends on the voltage and type of device that you're trying to use with a Russian power outlet. If you're not sure what voltage your device can use then read the section below on how can you tell if you have a dual voltage or single voltage device before going any further.

  • Power outages do occur in Russia, it is advised to pack a power bank [9] if you wish to keep your cellphone and other devices fully charged whilst abroad during a blackout.
  • If you're from America travelling to Russia then you will need to bring a plug adapter to fit a US plug in a Russian power outlet. Because the voltage is different in Russia use a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage and check that it will work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 220 volts or is dual voltage and your plug will fit in a Russian power outlet then you can use it in Russia.
  • If your device is 220 volts or is dual voltage but your plug won't fit in a Russian power outlet you'll need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Russia such a Type F plug adapter [4]. Please Note that a plug adapter for Russia (or power adapter) changes the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Russia, but but is unable to convert the voltage from 220 volts to a different voltage.
  • If your device can't run on 220 volts and isn't dual voltage you'll also need a power converter for Russia to convert the voltage from 220 volts to the correct voltage for your device. You will still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Russia if your power converter doesn't use the correct Type F plug adapter.
  • If you only need to bring one or more USB devices such as a tablet or a cellphone then a USB travel power adapter is suitable and it will work with any voltage, but ensure that you choose one which has a Type F plug adapter otherwise you will still need to use a suitable plug adapter for Russia.

Warning: If your device won't handle 220 volts used in Russia you run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device. Before using your device in Russia check the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

Russia power adapters

Power adapters for Russia

When organizing a trip it's useful to know if you can power your devices when you get there. By not knowing which plug socket is being used you may pack the wrong power charger, thereby leaving you needing to buy or borrow a suitable power adaptor when you're there which might not be compatible and cause problems with your device. Varying complicated standards and voltages can all be confusing when planning on staying in another country if you've never been there before. With only a handful of different types of sockets being used in the world this article shows exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your electronics in Russia. This page contains links to useful instructions telling you how to supply power to your devices when you are in Russia by using their standard F or C type Russian 220 volt 50Hz plug outlets, you will discover a majority of Russians typically use Type F power outlets. You'll discover power adapters will vary depending on which country you are in therefore we recommend reading the power adapters page for a complete list of regions and countries.

What is the best power adapter for Russia?

The best power adapter for Russia will be a Type F power adapter [4] which will allow you to use any 220 volt device or appliance.

What is the best power adapter for Russia?

What is a power adapter?

Power adapters are small, cheap and lightweight plastic adapters that permit a different shaped power plug from a different region to correctly slot into a wall socket in Russia.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [10].

What does a power adapter for a Russian power outlet do?

A power adapter enables visitors travelling from a different location to use their own electrical appliances and devices in Russia by changing the shape of the plug from one shape to another.

Do I need a power adapter for Russia?

It will depend on the shape of plug you are attempting to use in Russia and the location you are travelling from.

Can a power adapter convert the voltage from a Russian power outlet?

Power adapters will only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 220 volt Russian power outlet and can't convert to a higher voltage. If you need to safely use any 100, 110 or 120 volt device you will also need a more expensive step down power converter for Russia along with the right type of adapter.

Will I need a power adapter if I'm visiting Russia from the US?

US plugs won't fit in a Russian power outlet so you will need to bring a power adapter for Russia, and as the voltage is much higher you will also need to use a power converter for Russia if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage to prevent damage or overheating.

Can I use a European plug in Russia?

There is a possibility that a plug adapter that works in another country in Europe won't work in Russia because there are 8 different power outlet types used throughout Europe.

Where can I buy a power adapter for Russia?

Power adapters for sale in an airport

Where can I buy a power adapter for Russia?

Power adapters are typically available in most major airports prior to departure, however the range of adapters might be limited to popular destinations. It is recommended to research the exact type of adapter required prior to shopping at the airport. Look in the travel accessories section of airport newsagents, electronic stores and pharmacists but expect to pay 50% more than regular prices. Airports will be your last chance to buy a power adapter before departure, always check the returns policy to ensure you can easily exchange or refund a faulty or unsuitable product in an airside shop.

On arrival power adapters can be found in local electrical high street shops and drug stores, but always check the build quality first as safety standards might be different in a foreign country as this is important when dealing with electrical goods. Keep in mind that a shopping trip searching for power adapters in an unknown location might be impractical, especially as this needs to happen quickly before batteries run out.

Hotel receptions could have a power adapter for sale, hire or as a complimentary extra for guests; however, availability is normally limited and a hotel might not have the exact type required for your country. If in doubt, call ahead to the hotel first and request a reservation as it is unlikely that an adapter will be found in your room on arrival.

It will more convenient and cheaper to buy the correct power adapter in advance of your trip. High street stores normally sell popular types of travel adapters to popular locations and for widest choice it is recommended to buy a power adapter online.

Russia power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Russia?

Type C and F power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Russia?

There are two different types of power outlets used in Russia, these are type F and C with the primary power supply being type F:

  • Plug Type C - You can identify the power outlet by the two holes adjacent to each other for live and neutral.
  • Plug Type F - This recessed round power socket can be recognised by two round adjacent holes next to each other for live and neutral pins along with a pair of thin grounding clips at the top and bottom.

Do US plugs work in Russia?

No - a US plug won't work in Russia because it won't fit in a Russian power outlet without using a power adapter. Also, the voltage is 220 volts therefore use a power converter for Russia if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and check that your appliance will work with a 50hz power outlet.

Is a power outlet in Russia different to Europe?

Tourists in Europe

Is a power outlet in Russia different to Europe?

Various locations in Europe all use different power outlet types and voltages, with eight types of power outlets used in Europe (types C, D, E, F, G, J, K and L) you might discover that a plug which could be used in Russia might not operate in an electric outlet in another location. When travelling to more than one country in Europe you can either use a multiple power adapter travel set [11] consisting of every type of power adapter, or a smaller single international travel plug adapter [12] as both these options should make sure you're covered for all different power outlet types that you may encounter. Before travelling check our list of power outlets used in Europe to find out which power converters and adapters you might need for your journey.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Russia?

A step down power converter will allow you to use a 110V appliance in Russia.

What is the electrical frequency used in Russia?

The frequency of the alternating current from a Russian power outlet is 50 Hz.

Is the voltage in Russia the same as in the US?

The voltage in Russia is 220 volts, however 120 volts is used in the US. If your US appliance or power charger won't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for a Russian power outlet which can change the voltage from a 220-240 volt power outlet to 120 volts.

Is a plug socket in Russia the same as in the US?

A US plug won't fit in a Russian power outlet so you will need to use a plug adapter for Russia. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage use a power converter for Russia and check that it works with 50hz.

Is there good access to power outlets in Russia?

The population of Russia has excellent access to electrical power throughout the country.

Does Russia have power outages?

Typically Russia reports power blackouts around once a month.

Should I use a portable charger in Russia?

Because of potential electrical blackouts in Russia visitors are advised to use alternate charging solutions if they wish to continue using devices such as phones or tablets.

  • During a trip increased use of cell phones for storing itineraries, taking photos, social network sharing, GPS and web browsing will syphon off power before the end of the day. As well as just missing photo opportunities this can potentially leave you stranded without enough power to make an emergency call or being able to use satellite navigation to return to your accommodation or hotel. By packing a power bank [9] for Russia eases those concerns as it means you can keep your mobile phone fully powered without using a phone charger, especially when travelling to a country with regular power outages.
  • Use at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [9] which can supply enough energy to power around 3 full charge cycles whilst a 20,000mAh power bank [16] should keep an average smart phone powered for roughly 7 days. The mAh rating (or milli ampere-hours) shows the capacity of the battery and gives an indication of how many cycles the portable charger can achieve, so a higher number is better for travellers.
  • Providing that your laptop supports USB-C charging then bringing a portable charger for a laptop [17] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies 20Wh or more can be used to extend the battery life of that laptop in Russia.
  • However be aware that some airlines prohibit batteries on an aircraft that supply 100 Wh of power or more and must be kept in hand luggage only.
  • Consumer power banks aren't strong enough for use with high wattage items that generate heat, although a rechargeable hair dryer [14] or gas hair straighteners [15] can be used for travelling to areas with frequent power cuts such as Russia.
Should I use a portable charger in Russia?
Do solar battery chargers work in Russia?

A solar backpack recharging in the sun

Do solar battery chargers work in Russia?

Typical solar power banks [19] can slowly charge up in sunlight however because of the sunlight in Russia and the restricted footprint of the solar cell it is unlikely to be dependable for travellers. The smaller surface area of the cells means a solar charger needs to be kept in powerful daylight for extended periods of time to produce enough power for a single charge, which might prove difficult to constantly unpack a solar power bank then wait whilst it recharges in sunny spells.

  • Instead, the much larger durable cells used on a solar backpack [18] give the backpack the ability to generate more electricity within a faster period of time, and should generate some charge during overcast weather.
  • A device that has been plugged directly into the USB port of a backpack can gradually top up the battery during sunny spells in Russia, but this might prove inconvenient to have the phone continually connected in the bag should it be used constantly. Unlike a handheld solar power bank that needs to be unpacked and facing sunlight, a backback with solar panels is usually exposed to light so can be recharging a regular power bank during the day.
  • Due to the climate in Russia a solar bag should have the very minimum solar cell efficiency of 22% or greater, be able to generate a minimum of 6 watts of energy and includes a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or greater.
  • They are available in laptop messenger, rucksack and backpack styles which makes them ideal for travel, domestic and work. Unlike normal rigid solar panels, the flexible and durable cells used in solar powered bags are made to survive bending and scratching.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Russia chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Russia?

When travelling with more than just one device the best travel charger for Russia to buy is a multiple USB adapter which includes compatible plugs like a 4 port USB travel charger [2]. Russians use two different standards of wall outlets (types F and C) and using a travel adapter like this will ensure that you are covered for type C.

Because these types of chargers are supplied with interchangeable plugs and handle from 100 volts - 240 volts it makes them ideal for over 100 countries in Asia, North America, Europe and Africa just by switching the supplied plugs over. If your type of device supports Fast Charge then you will benefit from faster charging times by using one of these USB power chargers, plus additional support for more power demanding devices.

Unlike other adapters having a four port adapter will allow you to charge multiple devices at the same time without needing to pack multiple power adapters or occupying additional wall outlets. Because you are only needing a single USB travel charger will keep the size and weight down, making it perfect to store in hand luggage and on hand for recharging your devices at an airport or on the flight. Due to their space saving flexibility these types of travel chargers can be used when back at home so when you're not travelling they can be used under your bedside table charging multiple phones and tablets with just a single wall outlet.

We recommend buying a versatile power adapter like this at your preferred electronics retailer. The multipurpose power charger illustrated below is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [2] which has been successfully tested for powering multiple USB devices in numerous different countries.

What USB charger do I need for Russia?

Why use a travel USB charger for Russia?

  • Normal travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you only need to bring a single charger to charge multiple devices. Rather than bring 4 separate power chargers it's now only necessary to pack a single 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 individual devices which cuts down on the size and weight of your luggage.
  • Most travel USB power chargers should include interchangeable plug heads for various regions. This is perfect when visiting multiple countries which are likely to use different outlets to Russia.
  • A good USB charger is compact, rugged and lightweight; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking packing a domestic charger which might be impossible to replace in Russia.
  • USB chargers can accept the 220 volts used in Russia power outlets plus other voltage standards across the world.
  • There is a possibility that some hotel rooms in Russia might only have one wall outlet, by bringing a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share the single wall outlet with family or other traveler instead of having to wait to recharge one device at a time.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of visiting an unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets found in airports are often scant and the demand for charging multiple devices from other passengers before a flight can be high, therefore a USB charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is ideal.
  • Sometimes the power grid in a country can be unstable, a quality travel charger allows for unexpected spikes and prevents damage to any devices attached to it. Trying to repair an overloaded cell phone in Russia could prove to be problematic and costly.
  • Higher priced USB travel chargers should also incorporate a power outlet strip to plug in low wattage devices such as laptops, but be aware these will be unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Please read the section on using travel appliances with a Russian power outlet for useful guidelines on the most suitable power adapter for using a high wattage appliances with a Russian power outlet.
  • Some tablets and cellphones could pull more than the normal 500 mA (milliamps) supplied by a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Higher priced USB travel chargers will support fast charging should some of your devices draw extra power.
  • On returning home travel USB power chargers can also be used by recharging multiple cellphones and tablets on an overnight basis using a single power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Russia?

The is the most compact option for travellers from any country wanting to charge devices using USB, however for visitors also wishing to use their domestic plugs the following power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power strips offer surge protection which can be useful for visitors of counties with unstable power supplies. These travel adapters are supplied with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both Russia and over 150 destinations:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling compact power converter for travellers originating from North America visiting Russia.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Likewise having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers originating from America using type B plugs and gives almost the same functionality as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for most travellers from around the world visiting Russia.

Power converters for Russia

What does a power converter for Russia do?

A power converter for Russia will allow travellers to use their 100, 110 or 120 volt electric appliance with a 220 volt Russian power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter for Russia?

A cheap, small and lightweight power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet in Russia, but an expensive and bulkier power converter [20] converts the voltage of 220 volts from a Russian power outlet to work with a non-220 volt device.

Do I need a power converter for Russia?

If visiting Russia from a different country please check the device can be used with a 220 volt power supply.

  • A step down power converter [21] is needed if you are visiting Russia from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your device or appliance is incompatible with 220 volts. Read our list of world power outlets guide to see which voltage is used in your country.
  • You don't need a power converter if you already own either a single voltage appliance that works with 220 volts or one that is dual voltage.
  • Typically, electrical devices designed for a lower voltage (such as 120 volts) and then used with 220 volts run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device unless a step down power converter [21] is used.
  • You won't need a power converter if you wish to charge a smaller electrical device such as a tablet as these are normally designed for international use and support dual voltage, however you should always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • For supplying power to high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example clothes irons or hair dryers) then you will need to use a much larger higher wattage heavy duty power converter [6] which allows the appliance to be used with a 220 volt Russian power outlet.
  • It will be more cost effective to purchase a robust lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than bringing a heavier high wattage power converter to Russia simply to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • Read these comprehensive guides on how to use curling irons, clothes irons, hair dryers and hair straighteners in Russian power outlets , along with recommendations on some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Will I need a power converter for Russia if I'm visiting from America?

The 220 volts from a power outlet in Russia is different to a 110 volt US outlet, therefore you need to use a step down power converter [21] if your charger or appliance doesn't support dual voltage.

What converter do I need for Russia?

To use any 100, 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 220 volt Russian power outlet you will need to buy a step down power converter [21].

What voltage does Russia use?

Russia uses 220 volts in their normal power outlets.

How to convert 220 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [21] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 220 volt Russian power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Russia before plugging that into a Russian power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 220 volt Russian power outlet.
What is the difference between a converter and a power transformer?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a converter and a power transformer?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.
What voltage is my device?

Dual voltage hair straighteners

What voltage is my device?

One method to see if your appliance is either single or dual voltage is to check for numbers printed on the supplied charger, or on the device itself, normally near to where the power cord sits. This location will depend on the make or model of your device but should also be written in the instruction manual or on the box.

  • Single voltage devices might have a specific number - such as 120V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (around 20 volts) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 220-240V.
  • Dual voltage devices will say a larger voltage range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

What can I connect to a Russian power outlet?

Travel appliances that can connect to a Russian power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Russian power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Russian power outlet

Mobile phones which can be connected to the Russian power outlet

Apple iPhones that work with a Russian power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with a Russian power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with a Russian power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Russian power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Russia, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [22].

See also

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia - Russia Wikipedia page.
  2. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  3. Type C plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type C power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Type F plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type F power outlets without converting voltage.
  5. Dual voltage travel hair dryer - Folding handle hair dryer with dual voltage suitable for international travel.
  6. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  7. Dual voltage travel hair straighteners - Hair straighteners with adjustable temperature and dual voltage for 110 volts and 220 volts suitable for international travel.
  8. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  9. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  11. Multiple power adapter travel set - international travel plug adapter set .
  12. Portable international travel plug adapter - AC Wall Charger with 2 USB sockets and outlets for US, UK, Australia and European power plugs which works in over 150 countries.
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  14. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  15. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  16. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  17. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  18. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  19. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  20. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  21. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  22. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets