Afghanistan power adapters - what plugs are used in Afghanistan?

Afghan power outlet

What adapter do I need for Afghanistan?

Bring a Type F plug adapter [3] to Afghanistan if the plug you would like to use won't fit in an Afghan power outlet.

The type of plug adapter, power converter or charger that you'll need when visiting Afghanistan all depends on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to use with an Afghan power outlet. If you're unclear about what voltage your device can use then read the section about how can you tell if you have a dual voltage or single voltage device first.

  • Some areas in Afghanistan do not have access to electricity and suffer from power cuts, it is advised to pack a power bank [4] if you wish to recharge your cellphone whilst in an area without access to power or during a power outage.
  • If you are visiting Afghanistan from the US then you will need to bring a suitable plug adapter to fit a US plug into an Afghan power outlet. As the voltage is different in Afghanistan use a power converter if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and ensure that it can work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device can run on 220 volts or is dual voltage and your plug will fit in an Afghan power outlet then you can use it in Afghanistan without needing a plug adapter.
  • If your device is 220 volts or is dual voltage but your plug doesn't fit in an Afghan power outlet then you will need a suitable plug adapter for Afghanistan such a Type F plug adapter [3]. Note that a plug adapter for Afghanistan (or power adapter) will change the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Afghanistan, but but is unable to change the voltage from 220 volts to use with another voltage.
  • If your device can't use 220 volts and isn't dual voltage you will also need a power converter for Afghanistan to convert the voltage from 220 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You will still need to use a suitable plug adapter for Afghanistan if your power converter doesn't have the correct Type F plug adapter.
  • If you simply need to power one or more USB devices such as cellphones or tablets then a USB travel power adapter is recommended and it should work with any voltage, but make sure that you choose to bring a USB travel adapter which has a Type F plug adapter otherwise you will also need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Afghanistan.

Warning: If your device won't handle 220 volts you run a risk of damage to your device, an electrical fire hazard or blowing a fuse. Before attempting to use your device in Afghanistan read the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

Afghanistan power adapters

Power adapters for Afghanistan

Various combinations of standards and sockets can often be daunting when planning on staying in a foreign country especially if you've never visited before. With only a handful of different types of plug sockets being used in the world this guide tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your electronics in Afghanistan. This page contains links to step-by-step instructions showing how to charge your devices when you're travelling to Afghanistan using the standard F or C type 220 volt 50Hz wall outlets. Power adapters will vary depending on which country you visiting so we recommend that you read the Wiki Connections world power adapters page where you'll find a full list showing powering devices in different regions and countries.

What is the best power adapter for Afghanistan?

The best power adapter for Afghanistan will be a Type F plug adapter [3] which is suitable for powering any 220 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for Afghanistan?

What is a power adapter for an Afghan power outlet?

A power adapter is a compact and lightweight plastic adapter that permits a different type of power plug on an appliance from a foreign region to correctly fit into an Afghan power outlet.

Will a power adapter change the voltage from an Afghan power outlet?

A power adapter only adapts the shape of a plug to fit into a 220 volt Afghan power outlet and is unable to convert to a higher voltage. Should you wish to safely use a 100-120 volt device you also need a more expensive step down power converter.

What does a power adapter do?

A power adapter for Afghanistan allows visitors travelling from another country to use electrical appliances and devices in Afghanistan by altering the shape of the power plug from one shape to another.

Do I need a plug adapter in Afghanistan?

This depends on the type of plug you are attempting to use in Afghanistan.

Do I need a plug adapter if I'm visiting Afghanistan from America?

A US plug won't physically fit into an Afghan power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for Afghanistan, and because the voltage is 220 volts you will also need to use a power converter for Afghanistan if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage to prevent damage or overheating.

Afghanistan power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Afghanistan?

Type C and F power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Afghanistan?

There are two different types of power outlets used in Afghanistan, types F and C with the primary power supply being type F:

  • Plug Type C - You can recognise this wall socket by the 2 circular holes adjacent to each other.
  • Plug Type F - You can recognise this wall socket by the two circular holes 19 mm adjacent to each other and two thin grounding clips above and below.

Do US plugs work in Afghanistan?

No; an American plug won't work in Afghanistan because it won't fit in an Afghan power outlet without the use of a power adapter. The voltage is different therefore use a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage and check that your appliance is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Afghanistan?

To use a 110 volt or 120 volt appliance in an Afghan power outlet you need to bring a step down power converter.

Is the voltage in Afghanistan the same as the US?

The voltage which comes from an Afghan power outlet is 220 volts, whereas 120 volts is used in America. If your US appliance or charger can't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for Afghanistan which allows a 120 volt American appliance to work with a 220-240 volt outlet.

What is the frequency used with an Afghan power outlet?

The frequency from an Afghan power outlet is 50Hz.

Are Afghan power outlets the same as the US?

American plugs won't fit in an Afghan power outlet so you will need to bring a power adapter for Afghanistan. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage please use a power converter for Afghanistan and check that it works with a 50hz supply.

Are there power outages in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan suffers power outages several times every month and with this high level of unpredictability it is recommended to pack accordingly.

What is access to electrical power like in Afghanistan?

In Afghanistan almost a quarter of the population of the country doesn't have access to electricity.

Should I pack a power bank for Afghanistan?

USB power bank for charging mobile phones

Should I pack a power bank for Afghanistan?

Because electrical power isn't available in all areas of Afghanistan along with potential power cuts, visitors should bring alternate charging solutions if they want to continue using devices such as cellphones or eReaders.

  • During a trip to Afghanistan increased use of mobile phones for taking pictures, storing calendars, GPS, social network sharing and streaming videos will syphon off power excessively. As well as the inconvenience of missing photo opportunities a flat smart phone battery could potentially leave you in an unknown location without sufficient power to make emergency calls or being able to use a satellite navigation app to return to your hotel or accommodation. By packing a portable charger [4] lowers that risk as it allows you to power up your cell phone on the move, especially when visiting a country with a lack of access to power and power cuts in some areas.
  • We recommend using at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [4] which will store enough electricity to power over 3 full days of mobile phone use while a 20,000mAh power bank [9] should keep an average cell phone powered for almost a week.
  • Providing that your laptop uses a USB-C charging port then a portable charger for a laptop [10] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies at least 20Wh can be used to recharge that laptop when travelling to Afghanistan.
  • However be aware that some airlines prohibit portable chargers on an aircraft with more than 100Wh of power and must not be kept in the hold so we recommended checking ahead with the carrier.
  • Consumer portable chargers aren't designed for use with high wattage items that generate heat, but a rechargeable hair dryer [7] or gas hair straighteners [8] are designed for travelling to areas with both power cuts and a lack of access to electricity such as Afghanistan.
Does a solar powered charger work in Afghanistan?

Solar backpack in the sun

Does a solar powered charger work in Afghanistan?

The sunshine in Afghanistan could be suitable conditions for a solar power bank [12] but may take time to recharge. The compact surface area of the cells means a solar power bank will need to be kept in strong daylight for a long period of time in order to produce enough energy for a single charge, which might prove inconvenient to repeatedly unpack a solar power bank then wait whilst it recharges in a sunny area.

  • The bigger durable panels used on a solar backpack [11] will give the bag the ability to generate more electricity within a shorter period of time.
  • A phone which has been directly plugged into a USB port of a solar backpack will trickle charge the power during sunny spells in Afghanistan, but this could be inconvenient to have a phone continually connected in the bag during the day if it is to be used constantly. Unlike a handheld solar power bank that needs unpacking facing sunlight, a solar powered backpack is continually exposed to sunlight so will be powering up a power bank [4] during the day.
  • A bag that is suitable for Afghanistan needs to have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or more, be able to generate at least 6 watts of power and be used with a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or stronger.
  • Solar bags are available in messenger, backpack and rucksack styles making them perfect for domestic, work and travel use. Unlike normal firm solar cells, the flexible and durable solar panels used in solar powered bags are built to endure scratches and bending.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • Wikipedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Afghanistan chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

Why use a travel USB charger for Afghanistan?

  • Typically travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you should only need to bring one charger to charge multiple devices. Instead of bringing 4 separate power chargers you only need to pack one 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 devices, thereby reducing the size and weight of your baggage.
  • Travel USB chargers should include swappable plug heads for various countries thereby making them suitable if visiting other countries across Asia which are likely to use a different standard to Afghanistan.
  • Good USB travel chargers are rugged, lightweight and compact; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing along a domestic charger which might be impossible to repair or replace in Afghanistan.
  • USB chargers will accept both the 220 volts used in Afghanistan power outlets plus different voltage standards in other countries.
  • There is a chance that some hotel bedrooms or accommodation in Afghanistan might only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share the single wall outlet with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge each device one by one.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of travelling to any unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets in airports are often in short supply and the demand for charging multiple cell phones before a flight can be high, therefore a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the ability to charge quickly is perect.
  • Sometimes the power grid in a country can be unstable, a travel USB charger allows for unexpected surges and prevents damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded smartphone in Afghanistan could prove to be problematic and expensive.
  • Premium USB travel chargers also incorporate a power outlet strip to allow you to power low wattage devices such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. See the section on using travel appliances in Afghanistan for useful guidelines and advice on the best power adapter for a high wattage devices with an Afghan power outlet.
  • Certain cell phones could pull more than the normal 500 milliamps produced from a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. More expensive USB chargers will support fast charging should any of your devices require additional power.
  • When back at home travel USB chargers can still be used by charging multiple cell phones every night using only one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Afghanistan?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world who only have USB devices, but for those also wishing to use their domestic plugs these power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which is crucial for visitors of counties with unreliable power grids. These travel adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both Afghanistan and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable option for travellers originating from America visiting Afghanistan.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs and gives almost the same set of features as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it ideal for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting Afghanistan.

What travel charger do I need for Afghanistan?

If you are travelling to multiple countries and bringing more than just one device the best international travel charger for Afghanistan is a multiple USB port adapter which includes swappable plugs like a 4 port USB travel charger [13]. Afghans use two different standards of wall outlets (F and C) and using a power adapter like this ensures that you are covered for type C.

As these chargers are supplied with interchangeable plugs and can handle 100 to 240 volts it makes them ideal for over 100 countries around the world simply by changing the supplied plugs. If your model of device supports Fast Charge then you will benefit from much faster charging times with one of these types of USB power chargers, along with support for more power hungry devices. Unlike other travel adapters this means you can charge more than one device simultaneously without needing to pack individual travel chargers. Because you are only packing a single USB travel charger will also keep the weight down, making it ideal to store in hand baggage whilst travelling as well as being on hand for recharging your devices at the airport or on a plane. Due to their versatility these types of travel adapters can be used when you return home as well as abroad so when you're not on holiday they can sit under your bedside table charging multiple phones and tablets using just a single plug socket.

We recommend searching for this type of flexible power adapter at an electronics retailer, the power adapter illustrated below is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [13] which has been successfully tested for charging multiple USB devices in numerous countries with good reliably.

What travel charger do I need for Afghanistan?

Power converters for Afghanistan

What does a power converter for Afghanistan do?

A power converter allows travellers to use a 100-120 volt electrical appliance with a 220 volt Afghan power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter?

A heavy and expensive power converter [14] will transform the voltage of 220 volts from an Afghan power outlet to work with a non-220 volt appliance, however a smaller and more lightweight power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your appliance to slot into a power outlet found in Afghanistan.

Do I need a power converter for Afghanistan?

If travelling to Afghanistan from a different country ensure the device will accept a 220 volt power supply.

  • You will need a step down power converter [15] if you are travelling to Afghanistan from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your appliance or device isn't compatible with 220 volts. See the WikiConnections list of world power outlets guide to find out the voltage is used in your country.
  • You won't need a power converter if you already use either a 220 volt single voltage device or one that supports dual voltage.
  • Normally electrical devices designed to use a lower voltage such as 110 volts and then used in a 220 volt outlet run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device.
  • You won't need a power converter if you are attempting to power a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are typically designed for international use and dual voltage, however always always check the device for dual voltage support prior to your journey.
  • For powering high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example hair straighteners and clothes irons) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [16].
  • It will be more cost effective to bring a smaller lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than trying to bring a heavier high wattage power converter to Afghanistan just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read our travel guides on how to use clothes irons, curling wands, blow dryers and flat irons in Afghan power outlets , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Will I need a power converter if I'm visiting Afghanistan from the US?

The 220 volts used in a electric outlet in Afghanistan is different to an 110 volt American outlet, therefore you will need to use a step down power converter if your appliance or charger doesn't support dual voltage.

What kind of converter do I need for Afghanistan?

You need to buy a step down power converter [15] in order to use any 100, 110 or 120 volt appliance in Afghanistan.

What voltage does Afghanistan use?

Afghanistan uses 220 volts in their power outlets.

How to convert 220 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [15] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with an 220 volt Afghan power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Afghanistan before plugging that into an Afghan power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with an 220 volt Afghan power outlet.
What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.
Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Single voltage hair straighteners

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The way to see if a device is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for a sticker on the supplied power plug, or on the appliance itself, typically on the rear of the unit or near to where the power cord sits. The location might depend on the make or model of your unit, it should also state on the box.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 110V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (20 volts difference) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a larger range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

What can I connect to an Afghan power outlet?

Travel appliances which can connect to an Afghan power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to an Afghan power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with an Afghan power outlet

Mobile phones that can connect to the Afghan power outlet

Apple iPhones which can be connected to an Afghan power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with an Afghan power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with an Afghan power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with an Afghan power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Afghanistan, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [17].

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan - wikipedia.org entry about Afghanistan.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type F plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type F power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  7. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  8. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  9. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  10. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  11. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  12. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  13. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  14. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  15. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  16. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets