San Marino power adapters - what plugs are used in San Marino?

Sammarinese power outlet

What adapter do I need for San Marino?

You'll need to use a Type F plug adapter [4] for San Marino if your plug doesn't fit into a Sammarinese power outlet.

The type of power adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting San Marino all depends on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to charge with a Sammarinese power outlet. If you're unclear about which voltage your device can use then please read the section on how to find out the voltage of your device before going any further.

  • If you're from America and visiting San Marino then you will need to use a power adapter to fit a US plug in a Sammarinese power outlet. As the voltage is different in San Marino you also need to pack a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage and ensure that it is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and the plug can fit in a Sammarinese power outlet then you can use it in San Marino without needing anything else.
  • If your device can run on 230 volts or is dual voltage but your plug doesn't fit in a Sammarinese power outlet then you will need a suitable plug adapter for San Marino such a Type F plug adapter [4]. Please Note that a plug adapter for San Marino (or power adapter) is designed to change the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in San Marino, but doesn't convert the voltage from 230 volts to another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 230 volts and isn't dual voltage you will also need a power converter for San Marino to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You will still need to use a suitable plug adapter for San Marino if the power converter doesn't have the correct Type F plug adapter.
  • If you only need to charge USB devices such as tablets or mobile phones then a USB travel power adapter is suitable and it should work with any voltage, but make sure that you choose to bring one which has a Type F plug adapter otherwise you'll also need to pack a suitable plug adapter for San Marino.
  • Excessive use of a cellphone during a trip will leave you with a flat battery quickly, we recommend bringing a portable charger [9] if you want to recharge your mobile phone or other devices whilst travelling to an unknown country.

Warning: If your device won't handle 230 volts you run a risk of damage to your device, an electrical fire hazard or a blown fuse. Before using your device in San Marino please check the instruction manual to ensure safe operation.

San Marino power adapters

Power adapters for San Marino

Varying different combinations of voltages and standards can often lead to confusion when planning on staying in a foreign country especially if you've never been there before. This isn't as complicated as it first appears, with only a handful of different types of common standards used throughout the world this article tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to power your electronics in San Marino. This page contains links to useful instructions showing how to power your devices when you're in San Marino using the standard Type F, C or L 230 volt 50Hz power outlets. You will find power will differ depending on which area you are travelling to so we suggest reading the power adapters page for a full list of countries.

What is the best power adapter for San Marino?

The best power adapter for San Marino will be a Type F plug adapter [4] which is suitable for powering any 230 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for San Marino?

What is a power adapter for a Sammarinese power outlet?

A power adapter is a compact and lightweight plastic adapter that permits a different shaped power plug on an appliance from another region to fit into a power socket in San Marino.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [10].

Do I need a plug adapter in San Marino?

If the power outlet in your home country isn't the same as the shape of the Sammarinese power outlet then you will need a power adapter.

Will a power adapter change the voltage from a Sammarinese power outlet?

Power adapters will only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet and is unable to convert the power to a higher voltage. If you wish to safely use a 100-120 volt device you also need to bring a step down power converter for San Marino along with the correct power adapter.

What does a power adapter do?

A power adapter allows visitors travelling from another country to use electrical appliances and devices in San Marino simply by altering the shape of the plug.

Can you use a European power adapter in San Marino?

There is a chance that a power adapter that works in another country in Europe won't fit in a Sammarinese power outlet because there are 8 different types of power outlets used throughout Europe.

Where to buy a power adapter for San Marino

Power adapters for sale in an airport

Where to buy a power adapter for San Marino

Power adapters are most likely be available in major airports prior to departure, however the range of adapters might be limited to popular destinations. It is recommended to research the exact type of adapter required prior to shopping at the airport. Look in the travel accessories section of airport newsagents, electronic stores and pharmacists but expect to pay 50% more than regular prices. Airports will be your last chance to buy a power adapter before departure, always check the returns policy to ensure you can easily exchange or refund a faulty or unsuitable product in an airside shop.

It will be more convenient and cheaper to buy the correct power adapter in advance of your trip. High street stores normally sell popular types of travel adapters to popular locations but for widest choice it is recommended to buy a power adapter online.

Electrical adapters for San Marino

Travel Power Strips

A travel power strip

Travel Power Strips

Benefits of a travel power strip

  • A travel power strip is able to charge more than one electronic appliance at the same time via one Sammarinese power outlet, costing under $35 USD (under £40 GBP / under C$40).
  • Some models are able to convert voltage for low wattage electronics such as laptops. So even if the appliance isn't dual voltage it should still function with a Sammarinese power outlet by using a travel power strip. This will make them a lightweight and cheaper alternative to a dedicated voltage converter.
  • Some modern travel power strips feature a number of USB charge ports.
  • The voltage from power outlets in certain countries can be tempremental, a sudden power surge will damage electronics. There are some travel power strips that include a built in surge protector which will prevent your electronics from being overpowered.
  • When you return home it should still be of use as a power strip and USB charger.
  • US and Canadian power strips include Type A, B, D, E/F, G, H, I, L and N plug adapters so should work in San Marino.

Disadvantages of a travel power strip

  • The conversion on travel power strips doesn't work with higher wattage appliances such as hair dryers or curling irons.
  • Due to their size power strips might be too heavy for hand luggage.
  • A travel power strip could be considered excessive for travellers with only a small number of appliances to power.
Power Plug Adapters

An easy to use Type F plug adapter

Power Plug Adapters

Benefits of a power plug adapter

  • Cheap, with prices between $5 to $10 USD (£4-£5 GBP / C$15-C$20).
  • Straightforward design makes the plug adapter simple to use.
  • Using a Type F plug adapter [4] will work in San Marino.
  • Light and compact.

Disadvantages of a power plug adapter

  • Only 1 plug adapter for each plug - for each device you will also need to bring a separate power plug adapter.
  • Only alters the actual shape of the plug to fit in a Type F Sammarinese power outlet but not the voltage used in San Marino, if your device doesn't support 230 volts and isn't dual voltage then you'll still need to pack a separate voltage converter.
  • If you plan on visiting more than just one country you may need to pack multiple plug adapter types for other countries.
  • You will also still need to pack your separate USB charger if you wish to power a USB device.
  • Your hotel room in San Marino may only have one wall outlet available, therefore you will only be capable of powering a single device at a time.
Travel USB Wall Chargers

A travel USB wall charger

Travel USB Wall Chargers

Benefits of a travel USB wall charger

  • Ideal for situations when you only need to power USB devices such as tablets, iPhones and MP3 players.
  • Rather than carry lots of domestic power chargers you only have to bring one unit which costs on average under $15 USD (under £15 GBP / under C$20).
  • Chargers come with interchangeable heads meaning they can be used in a large number of countries. The interchangeable adapter heads are usually lightweight and small which makes them easy to store.
  • Has surge protection.
  • The charger can still be useful domestically.
  • Interchangeable heads fit in Types A/B, E/F, G and I power outlets so will work in a Sammarinese power outlet.

Disadvantages of a travel USB wall charger

  • They only have USB ports so you will be unable to power any appliances, only USB powered devices.
Universal Travel Power Adapters

All in one universal power adapter

Universal Travel Power Adapters

Benefits of a universal travel power adapter

  • Useful when visiting to multiple countries. Typical models are designed to function in around 150 countries.
  • All in one compact design, small and lightweight for under $20 USD (under £20 GBP / around C$25).
  • There are some models which have multiple charging ports for USB devices built in.
  • Easy to use.
  • Some universal travel power adapters also include a surge protector built in to protect any electronics from being overloaded by an unstable power grid.
  • The pins retract so won't catch against other items in baggage.
  • When you return home it could still work as a USB charger.
  • Changes shape to Types A/B, E/F, G and I plugs so should fit into a Sammarinese power outlet.

Disadvantages of a universal travel power adapter

  • Universal travel power adapters will overload when used with a high powered electrical appliance such as hair straighteners, vacuum cleaners, kettles, curling irons or hair dryers.
  • The pins, shutters and other moving parts could be fragile on some universal travel adapters which might make them prone to jamming when travelling.
  • Only charges one appliance.
  • Might not work in some countries, adapters might not work in certain countries with less common outlets.
  • Missing a built in power converter means it won't be suitable for electrical appliances which don't support 230 volts in San Marino.
Plug Adapter Sets

A set of plug adapters

Plug Adapter Sets

Benefits of a plug adapter set

  • As prices are roughly between $15 to $20 USD (£5-£10 GBP / C$20-C$25) a power adapter set works out cheaper than purchasing individual power plug adapters for multiple trips costing almost $10 USD (over £5 GBP / almost C$20) each.
  • By bringing every type of plug adapter ensures that you are covered for all plug outlet types and not just a Sammarinese power outlet.
  • Ideal if you are visiting multiple countries.
  • A set includes Type A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N plugs so will work in San Marino.

Disadvantages of a plug adapter set

  • Not flexible; before any trip you'll have to decide which adapters to bring in advance, or alternatively pack every power adapter in the set with you.
  • Means lots of individual adapters to pack.
  • With only a single functioning plug adapter working in San Marino the remaining plug adapters will be redundant.
  • Not all plug adapter types are typically included (especially rarer ones), so ensure that your plug adapter set has one that is compatible with a Sammarinese power outlet.
  • Only alters the shape of the plug but doesn't modify the actual voltage.
Voltage Converters

A voltage converter has surge protection

Voltage Converters

Benefits of a voltage converter

Disadvantages of a voltage converter

  • A voltage converter only changes the 230 volts from a Sammarinese power outlet and won't change the shape of the plug to fit into a Sammarinese power outlet, therefore you will still need to pack the correct type of plug adapter.
  • The size and weight of most models makes them unsuitable for carrying in carry-on luggage.
  • An expensive power converter won't be useful after your trip to San Marino.
  • Often much cheaper to bring a dual voltage travel appliance than to purchase an expensive voltage converter just in order to power your existing single voltage appliance in San Marino.
  • Expensive - between $90 to $100 USD (£80-£90 GBP / C$120-C$130).

Comparison of electrical adapters for San Marino

Type F Power Plug Adapter
Power Plug Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel Power Strip
Travel Power Strip
Plug Adapter Set
Plug Adapter Set
Voltage Converter
Voltage Converter
Can be used in San Marino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Types of plug included F A/B, E/F, G and I A/B, E/F, G and I A, B, D, E/F, G, H, I, L and N A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N B
Compatible number of countries (A) 70+ 150+ 150+ 200+ 230+ 230+
Fits in a Type F Sammarinese power outlet Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Additional Type F plug adapter required to fit in a Sammarinese power outlet Yes
Useful when you return home Yes Yes Yes
Typical combined number of USB ports and AC outlets 1 3 4 7 1 2
Powers USB devices Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of USB ports 0 2 4 4 0 0
Powers a 230 volt AC appliance in San Marino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of AC outlets 1 1 0 3 (B) 2
Converts voltage (?) Yes (C) Yes
Surge protection Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical dimensions 2.6 x 1.9 x 1.4 inches 3 x 2.1 x 2.1 inches 4.3 x 3.4 x 1.3 inches 6.6 x 3.6 x 1.5 inches 7.1 x 3.9 x 2.8 inches 11.7 x 8.1 x 6.7 inches
Typical weight 4.5 ounces 4 ounces 4.5 ounces 1.6 pounds 13 ounces 20 pounds
Typical number of items to carry (D) 1 1 5 8 12 2
Suitable for hand luggage Yes Yes Yes • (E) • (F)
Estimated price under $10 USD (under £5 GBP / under C$20) between $15 to $20 USD (£15-£20 GBP / C$25-C$30) between $10 to $15 USD (£10-£15 GBP / C$15-C$20) between $30 to $35 USD (£35-£40 GBP / C$35-C$40) between $15 to $20 USD (£5-£10 GBP / C$20-C$25) almost $100 USD (almost £110 GBP / over C$60)
Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy

San Marino power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in San Marino?

Type C, F and L power outlets

What plug sockets are used in San Marino?

There are three types of power outlets used in San Marino, types F, C and L with the primary power supply being type F:

  • Plug Type C - You can identify this plug socket by 2 circular adjacent holes.
  • Plug Type F - You can identify this plug socket by two 4.8mm circular adjacent holes, plus a pair of grounding clips above and below.
  • Plug Type L - You can recognise this hexagon shaped plug socket by three large circular holes in a line for live, neutral and earth pins. There are two types of Type L plug outlet rated at 10 and 16 amps. A 10 amp version has 4mm pins that are spaced 5.5mm apart, and a 16 amp version has slightly larger 5mm pins which are spaced 8mm apart.

What is the electrical frequency used in a Sammarinese power outlet?

The frequency of the alternating current from a Sammarinese power outlet is 50 Hz.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in San Marino?

A step down power converter will allow you to use a 110 volt or 120 volt appliance in San Marino.

Is a Sammarinese power outlet different in Europe?

Tourists in Europe

Is a Sammarinese power outlet different in Europe?

Various destinations throughout Europe all use different voltages and power outlet types, so a plug which works with a Sammarinese power outlet might not work in an outlet in another destination. When visiting more than one destination in Europe you should either bring along a multiple power adapter travel set [16] which contains different types of power adapters, or a smaller single international travel plug adapter [17] as both these options ensure that you are covered for all different power outlet types that you might find. Before travelling check the list of power outlets used throughout Europe to understand which power converters and adapters you need during your journey.

Is electric reliable in San Marino?

Although stable electrical power can't be guaranteed, the power grid in San Marino is classed as reliable with no history of frequent power cuts compared to other countries.

What is access to electricity in San Marino like?

The entire population has access to electricity in San Marino.

Should I bring a portable charger to San Marino?

A power bank for charging cell phones

Should I bring a portable charger to San Marino?

Although power blackouts in San Marino aren't regular and power is available throughout the country, travellers should still bring a power bank to recharge cell phones.

  • During a trip to San Marino increased use of mobile phones for storing calendars, taking photographs, social network sharing, getting directions and staying entertained can syphon off power excessively. Beyond the inconvenience of missed photo opportunities a flat smart phone battery can possibly leave you without enough power to make an emergency call or being able to use a GPS app to return back to your accommodation. By packing a portable charger [9] eases those concerns as it allows you to keep your cell phone powered without using a Sammarinese power outlet.
  • We recommend bringing at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [9] which will supply enough energy to cover over three full charging cycles while a 20,000mAh portable charger [20] should keep an average smart phone powered for up to seven days.
  • Should you need to charge your laptop in San Marino and it it supports USB-C charging then use a portable charger for a laptop [21] marked with PD (power delivery) and a model supplying at least 20 Wh.
  • Before travelling please note that some airlines won't allow you bring portable chargers on an aircraft that supply 100 Wh of power or more and must not be left in checked-in luggage.
  • Average consumer power banks aren't powerful enough for high powered items that generate heat, but a rechargeable hair dryer [18] or gas hair straighteners [19] are designed for travelling.
Do solar chargers work in San Marino?

Solar backpack in the sun

Do solar chargers work in San Marino?

The climate in San Marino might be suitable conditions for a solar power bank [23], however it could take time to charge. Because of the reduced surface area a solar power bank will need to be left in strong daylight for an extended period of time to produce enough power for a single charge cycle, and this might prove difficult to constantly pack and unpack a solar power bank and wait for it to recharge in a sunny area.

  • Instead, the bigger cells used on a solar backpack [22] will give the bag the ability to generate more electricity within a shorter period of time, and might generate some power when overcast.
  • Phones that are plugged directly into a USB charging port of a solar backpack should gradually top up the power during sunny spells in San Marino, but this could be inconvenient to have it constantly tethered to the bag if it is to be needed constantly. Therefore it is recommended to plug a normal battery power bank [9] into a solar backpack which can then be constantly recharged inside the bag during sunlight, afterwards the phone can be powered up using the power bank at any time without daylight.
  • A bag which is suitable for San Marino should have a solar cell efficiency of at least 22%, can generate a minimum of 6 watts of energy and can be used with a power bank of 10,000mAH or greater.
  • Solar bags come in backpack, rucksack and messenger styles making them ideal for work, travel and domestic use.
  • The flexible and durable solar cells used in solar powered bags are designed to endure bending and scratching, unlike regular solid solar panels.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

San Marino chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for San Marino?

If you are travelling with more than just one device then the best travel adapter for San Marino to buy is a multiple USB port charger which includes swappable plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [2]. Sammarinese use three different standards of power outlets (F, C and L) and bringing this ensures that you are covered for type C. As these types of chargers come with interchangeable pins and handle from 100 volts to 240 volts it makes them ideal for over 100 countries around the world simply by switching the supplied heads. If your device can support Fast Charge (not all USB devices will) then you will benefit from much quicker charging times by using one of these types of power chargers, along with support for certain power hungry devices like tablets. Unlike other adapters having a 4 port adapter means you can recharge more than one device simultaneously without needing to pack individual travel adapters for your trip or occupying additional wall sockets. By only bringing a single international USB travel charger will keep the size down, making it ideal to store in hand baggage whilst travelling. Because of their space saving flexibility these types of adapters can be used at home so when you're not on holiday they can sit under your bedside table charging multiple tablets, smartphones and speakers with only a single power outlet.

We recommend searching for this type of flexible power adapter online. The multipurpose travel charger illustrated is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [2] which has been successfully tested with multiple USB devices in numerous countries around the world with good reliably.

What USB charger do I need for San Marino?

Why use a travel USB charger for San Marino?

  • Normal travel USB chargers include 4 or more USB charger ports, meaning you only need to bring a single charger to charge all your devices. Instead of bringing 4 individual power chargers it's now only necessary to pack one 4 port USB wall charger and power up to 4 devices which cuts down on the size and weight of your baggage.
  • Most travel USB chargers will include swappable plug heads for different countries. This is suitable when travelling across different countries which will probably use different power outlets to San Marino.
  • Good USB chargers are rugged, lightweight and compact; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking packing a domestic charger which might be hard to replace or repair in San Marino.
  • USB travel chargers can accept the 230 volt power outlets in San Marino along with other voltage standards across the world.
  • It's possible that some hotel rooms or accommodation in San Marino might only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share out the single wall outlet with all your devices rather than having to wait to recharge one device at a time.
  • Due to their versatile nature they take the worry out of visiting any unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets in airports can be in short supply and demand for charging multiple cell phones and tablets from other passengers during departure can be high, so a USB charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is ideal.
  • Some countries power grids are unstable, a quality travel USB charger allows for unexpected fluctuations to prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded smartphone in San Marino could prove to be inconvenient and expensive.
  • Higher priced USB travel chargers will also incorporate power outlet strips to plug in multiple low powered devices such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. For further information please refer to the guide on using travel appliances in San Marino for guidelines on the most suitable power adapter for a high powered devices in a Sammarinese power outlet.
  • Some mobile phones and tablets could require more than the standard 500 milliamps supplied by a normal 5 volt USB power adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Ensure that the USB power adapter can support fast charging should some of your devices require extra power.
  • Travel USB power chargers can still be useful back at home by recharging multiple mobile phones and tablets every night using one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for San Marino?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world who only have USB devices, but for visitors also wanting to use their domestic plugs the following power adapters provide larger but more versatile solutions. All three power strips offer surge protection which is necessary when visiting regions with unstable power supplies. These travel adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering Europe, North America, Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, China and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK travel adaptor has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the most popular compact power converter for travellers originating from North America going to San Marino using type B plug sockets.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs and is a much more cost effective alternative to the BESTEK with only 1 less AC outlet at almost half price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers a more generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting San Marino.

Power converters for San Marino

What is a power converter for a Sammarinese power outlet?

Power converters for San Marino allow travellers to use their 100, 110 or 120 volt electrical device with a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a power converter and a plug adapter?

An expensive and heavy power converter [24] transforms the voltage of 230 volts from a Sammarinese power outlet to work with a non-230 volt device, however a more lightweight and cheaper power adapter (or plug adapter) changes the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet found in San Marino.

Do I need a power converter for San Marino?

If you are travelling to San Marino from a different country ensure the device will accept a 230 volt power supply.

  • You need a step down power converter [14] if you are visiting San Marino from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your device or appliance isn't compatible with 230 volts. Read our world power outlets page to see the voltage your country uses.
  • You won't need a power converter if you are already using either a single voltage device that works with 230 volts or one that supports dual voltage.
  • Typically, devices designed to work with a lower voltage (such as 110 volts) and used with 230 volts run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, blowing a fuse or damage to your device.
  • You don't need a power converter if you are attempting to charge a smaller electrical device such as a tablet or mobile phone as these are normally support dual voltage and designed for international use, but you should always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • When supplying power to appliances which draw more power or generate heat (for example hair dryers and curling irons) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [6] which allows the appliance to be used with a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet.
  • It should be more cost effective to use a robust lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than carrying a much heavier power converter just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read these guides on using curling irons, clothes irons, flat irons and hair dryers with Sammarinese power outlets , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

What kind of converter do I need for San Marino?

You need a step down power converter [14] which will allow you to use any 100-120 volt appliance with a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet.

What is the difference between a converter and a transformer?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a converter and a transformer?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.

How to convert 230 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [14] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for San Marino before plugging that into a Sammarinese power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 230 volt Sammarinese power outlet.

What voltage does San Marino use?

San Marino uses 230 volts in their power outlets.

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Single voltage hair straighteners

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The easiest method to tell if your appliance is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for a sticker on the supplied power adapter or on the device itself, normally near to where the power cord sits. This location might vary depending on the make or model of your device, it could also state on the box.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 120V.
  • Single voltage devices might also say a small voltage range (20 volts difference) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 220-240V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a large voltage range separated with a slash - such as 100/240V.

Substantiations

How we compared products

Typical figures based on top 5 popular electrical adapters for each form-factor from different manufacturers with prices as of October 2018.

  • Power Plug Adapters - Ceptics Grounded Universal Plug Adapter, TESSAN Grounded Universal Travel Power Plug Adapter, Tmvel Universal International Power Adapter Plug, EnriQ Plug Adapter, Ckitze Travel Power Plug Adapter.
  • Universal Travel Power Adapters - BESTEK Universal Travel Adapter, NEWVANGA International Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, Bluegogo Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, HAOZI All-in-one International Power Adapter, UROPHYLLA Universal European Adapter Dual Fuses.
  • Travel USB Wall Chargers - iKits 4-Port USB Wall/International Charger, LENCENT 4 Port USB Travel Adapter, PISEN USB Wall Charger, Anker 27W 4-Port USB Wall Charger PowerPort 4 Lite, USB Plug Travel Charger Adaptor, Turata 4 Port Universal World Wall Charger.
  • Travel Power Strips - BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip, TESSAN 3 Outlet Surge Protector travel Power Strip, Portable Travel Adapter Power Strip Charging Station, GR-8 Power Compact & Slim Travel Charging Station, NTONPOWER Portable Charging Station.
  • Plug Adapter Sets - Ceptics GP-12PK International Travel Worldwide Grounded Universal Plug Adapter Set, Ceptics World Travel Adapter Set - 11 Pack, BESTEK Grounded Universal Plug Set, OREI 7 World Travel Adapter Plug Set, Ceptics Adapter Plug Set for World Wide International Travel Use.
  • Voltage Converters - Power Bright VC2000W Voltage Transformer Step Up/Down converter, LiteFuze LT-3000 3000 Watt Voltage Converter Transformer - Step Up/Down, SEYAS 1000W Auto Step Up & Step Down Voltage Transformer Converter, Rockstone Power 5000 Watt Heavy Duty Step Up/Down Voltage Transformer Converter, KRIEGER 1700 Watt Voltage Transformer Step up/down 120V / 230V AC outlet American European Converter.

Weight, dimensions, number of AC outlets and number of USB powers were all based by calculating and rounding an average figure for each attribute where known.

Key to electrical adapter comparison

  1. Compatible number of countries based on data from the International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs page (cited November 2018).
  2. Assuming only a single plug adapter from the plug adapter set will be used at any one time in a compatible location.
  3. Depending on if the power strip supports voltage conversion for low wattage items. All travel power strips tested do not convert voltage for high wattage appliances.
  4. Including the device itself, any supplied plug heads and power cords.
  5. Some travel power strips featuring less AC outlets may be small and lightweight enough to be suitable for hand luggage.
  6. Number of items if bringing an entire set of plug adapters for use in multiple locations to cover all eventualities (unless bringing only the necessary single plug adapter).

What type of adapter do you need for San Marino?

Which type of power adapter do you need for San Marino?

The type of plug adapter or power converter that is suitable for San Marino will depend on your requirements. Prior to deciding the right adapter to buy we recommend using this checklist:

How many electrical devices are you taking to San Marino?

How many devices will you be packing

How many electrical devices are you taking to San Marino?

  • Trying counting how many electronic you intended on bringing with you to San Marino (for example cell phones, tablets, laptops, eReaders, curling irons or hair dryers).
    • Take into account that you might own more devices in the future. Are you thinking about purchasing a new cell phone computer next year?
    • There is a growing number of rechargeable electronics such as electric shavers which utilise a USB port for their power source. The if you have to replace a device it might need a USB power adapter so remember to check that your travel adapter has enough spare ports to support these additional devices too.
  • Will you be travelling with a partner who will need to recharge their phones?
Will you only be planning on charging USB devices in San Marino?

A USB cable

Will you only be planning on charging USB devices in San Marino?

What types of electrical items do you need to charge with a Sammarinese power outlet?

Make a list of items you need

What types of electrical items do you need to charge with a Sammarinese power outlet?

  • There are 3 different types of electrical devices:
    • Low wattage electronic items that can be plugged into a power outlet - for example a camera.
    • High wattage electrical appliances which plug into an electrical outlet - for example hair straighteners or clothes irons.
    • USB devices that can be plugged into a USB port - for example mobile phones and Kindles.
  • Should you only have to take just USB powered devices then you'll find that a simple travel USB charger is ideal because you will only need to bring that single lightweight charger with your existing USB charging cables rather than having to pack lots of domestic chargers.
  • Travel power strips are made for powering and voltage conversion for multiple low wattage devices (such as cameras), however unsuitable for high wattage appliances (such as clothes irons) which require voltage conversion.

Will your appliances and devices only work with a 230 volt power outlet?

Is San Marino the only place you'll be visiting?

  • A single power adapter will only work in the one country that it was built for, therefore if you are visiting more than a single country you'll need to carry additional power adapters which can in turn add to the number of adapters you have to pack.
  • However, travel USB wall chargers and universal travel adapters are perfect for travelling to multiple countries due to the inclusion of interchangeable heads.
How many Sammarinese power outlets will be available?

How many power outlets will be available

How many Sammarinese power outlets will be available?

  • Your accommodation in San Marino might only have one power outlet on the wall, this will present an issue if recharging the batteries of more than one item overnight because you can only recharge a single device at a time then have to keep swapping.
  • To charge more than one device at the same time look to using either a travel power strip or USB wall charger that can power multiple USB ports or outlets.

Do you plan on visiting elsewhere in the future?

How much can you afford?

  • Cheap power adapters start from under $10 USD (under £10 GBP / under C$10) which powers a single device in only one location (providing that it is dual voltage or is compatible with 230 volts), but paying roughly between $15 to $20 USD (£15-£20 GBP / C$25-C$30) will allow you to charge more than one device at once and be able to use them in multiple countries.

Do you still need use your charger when returning home?

Are you visiting other countries with good access to power?

  • The voltage in San Marino is generally stable but if you plan to visit another country you may need an adapter which offers protection to your devices. The power could sporadically fluctuate in some areas and this could cause damage to your devices, so you will need to look for an adapter which offers built in surge protection such as a travel power strip.
  • Using a solar backpack [22] or portable charger [9] will prepare you for a power cut and countries with limited electricity.
Are you only bringing hand luggage to San Marino?

Are you bringing just hand baggage

Are you only bringing hand luggage to San Marino?

Are you flying long haul to travel to San Marino?

Arriving at an airport

Are you flying long haul to travel to San Marino?

  • For much longer journeys consider bringing a convenient airport-friendly charger that works in different power outlet types, one which can be packed in carry-on luggage and can be used to quickly top up phones and tablets.
  • Not all planes and airports have power outlets for customers therefore we recommend packing a travel portable charger [9] for recharging on the go. After landing in San Marino you could need to use a cell phone to make a call, messenging, using sat nav or viewing itineraries; so make sure that your phone has ample battery power left.

What can I connect to a Sammarinese power outlet

Travel appliances which can connect to a Sammarinese power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Sammarinese power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Sammarinese power outlet

Mobile phones that can be connected to the Sammarinese power outlet

Apple iPhones which can connect to a Sammarinese power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that can connect to a Sammarinese power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with a Sammarinese power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Sammarinese power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travellers visiting San Marino, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [25].

Disclaimer

WikiConnections is not responsible for any injury or damage caused due to using any type of suggested product with any other electrical device or appliance in any location, full details are available on the disclaimer page. All functions and capabilities should be checked prior to purchasing or using any power adapter. Assumptions on if any power adapter, charger, converter or power strip works in any location is based on data from publicly available sources and if it fits the primary power outlet used in that country. WikiConnections has not taken into consideration other less common power outlets which might be found as these might only be used in certain areas or in the process of being phased out.

Where possible, WikiConnections only recommends the type of product as being suitable along with alternatives and does not make any endorsement for any specific brand or product. Always check with the manufacturer to ensure full compatibility prior to attempting to use any device. Always check the reputation of the manufacturer and product to ensure the quality and safety of any electrical device being used.

See also

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Marino - wikipedia web page about San Marino.
  2. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters, estimated price under $15 USD (£10-£15 GBP / C$15-C$20).
  3. Type C plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type C power outlets without converting voltage, costing under $10 USD (£4-£5 GBP / C$15-C$20).
  4. Type F plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type F power outlets without converting voltage, costing under $10 USD (£4-£5 GBP / C$15-C$20).
  5. Dual voltage travel hair dryer - Folding handle hair dryer with dual voltage suitable for international travel, between $70 to $80 USD (under £15 GBP / under C$70).
  6. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors, between $140 to $150 USD (£100-£110 GBP / around C$120).
  7. Dual voltage travel hair straighteners - Hair straighteners with adjustable temperature and dual voltage for 110 volts and 220 volts suitable for international travel, between $30 to $35 USD (around £15 GBP / under C$40).
  8. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  9. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go, between $30 to $35 USD (around £20 GBP / under C$40).
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  11. Travel power strip - A travel power strip includes surge protectors, AC power outlets, USB ports and swappable plug adapters for use in multiple countries, under $35 USD (£35-£40 GBP / C$35-C$40).
  12. Universal travel power adapter - A typical universal travel power adapter can be used in over 150 different countries for use with appliances and USB devices, priced between $15 to $20 USD (£15-£20 GBP / around C$25).
  13. Plug adapter set - Plug adapter set containing a number of different power plug adapters for use in different countries, between $15 to $20 USD (around £5 GBP / under C$25).
  14. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet, costs between $90 to $100 USD (under £90 GBP / under C$130).
  15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  16. Multiple power adapter travel set - international travel plug adapter set , around $15 USD (£15-£20 GBP / C$20-C$25).
  17. Portable international travel plug adapter - AC Wall Charger with 2 USB sockets and outlets for US, UK, Australia and European power plugs which works in over 150 countries, priced at between $5 to $10 USD (under £20 GBP / under C$60).
  18. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling, under $160 USD (£140-£150 GBP / C$460-C$470).
  19. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges, estimated cost between $20 to $25 USD (around £30 GBP / under C$50).
  20. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days, estimated cost under $130 USD (£35-£40 GBP / C$45-C$50).
  21. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support, under $130 USD (£100-£110 GBP / C$140-C$150).
  22. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight, priced between $80 to $90 USD (under £80 GBP / under C$280).
  23. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device, priced between $20 to $25 USD (under £15 GBP / under C$60).
  24. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts, between $90 to $100 USD (under £110 GBP / under C$70).
  25. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets